Wachusett Regional School District
Wachusett Mountain

District Frameworks - Health and Physical Education

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Physical Health - STRAND I

Growth and Development
Physical Activity and Fitness
Nutrition
Reproduction/Sexuality

As a student grows, many changes take place in his/her body that are part of the natural progression through the life cycle.   Factors such as heredity and environment play a role in these changes and students will learn to recognize how the body systems function as a whole, and change during the aging process.

Content Standards K-5

Growth and Development Standard

As a result of activities in grades K-5, all students should develop an understanding of:

  •  Major body parts, organs, and systems.
  • The characteristics of living and non-loving things.
  • Healthy choices and their effects on growth and development.
     

Physical Activity and Fitness Standard

As a result of activities in grades K-5, all students should develop an understanding of:

  •  Physical changes and feelings that result from participation in a variety of physical settings.
  • A healthy lifestyle.
  • Physical activity and its effect on the body and body systems. 

Nutrition Standard

As a result of activities in grades K-5, all students should develop an understanding of:

  •  Key nutrients in foods that support healthy body systems.
  • A balanced diet.
  • Relationship of food intake to energy output. 

Reproduction/Sexuality Standard

As a result of activities in grades K-5, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Privacy and social norms surrounding sexuality and reproduction.
  • The major parts and functions of the reproductive system.
  • Sexuality as a normal part of the growth process. 

Content Standards 6-8

Growth and Development Standard

As a result of activities in grades 6-8, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Adolescence and the physical, emotional, and intellectual changes associated with puberty.
  • The influence of healthy habits on growth and development.
  • Stages of the human life cycle and concepts of heredity. 

Physical Activity and Fitness Standard

As a result of activities in grades 6-8, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Physiological and psychological effects of exercise.
  • Application of basic principles of exercise to fitness.
  • Personal preference of activity and contribution to personal wellness. 

Nutrition Standard

As a result of activities in grades 6-8, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • United States dietary guidelines and how the recommendations relate to health and prevention of chronic disease.
  • Food labels and their application to healthy food choices.
  • Interaction of intake and output on energy, weight management, wellness, and lifestyle. 

Reproduction/Sexuality Standard

As a result of activities in grades 6-8, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Consequences of sexually related risk behaviors. 
  • The emotional and physical changes as related to the reproductive system during puberty. 
  • Healthy choices surrounding sexuality and reproduction.

Content Standards 9-12

Growth and Development Standard

As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Essential life/resource management skills at various stages of growth and development.
  • Growth patterns and body changes within human beings throughout the life cycle.
  • Heredity, the environment, and lifestyle influences on growth and development. 

Physical Activity and Fitness Standard

As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Concepts of motor learning and development, sport psychology, sociology, biomechanics, exercise physiology, and assess and improve skills independently.
  • Health and fitness benefits derived from various physical activities.
  • The long-term impact of physical activity on self-esteem, wellness, and lifestyle.
  • Working together as a group on problem solving, trust building, and adventure risk-taking as well as setting goals to challenge them and assist others in completing those goals. 

Nutrition Standard

As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Economic and social factors that affect nutrition.
  • The relationship among dietary intake, eating behaviors, physical activity, and emotional health.
  • Nutritional needs and their association with life stages. 

Reproduction/Sexuality Standard

As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Types and degrees of sexual risk.
  • Resources available for information and support of sexual/reproductive health.
  • Responsibilities associated with being sexually active.