
District Frameworks  Mathematics
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Standard 9
Statistics & Probability Standards
Grades K4
Statistics and Probability (NCTM Standard 11)  shall include experiences with data analysis and probability so that students will:
 Collect, organize, and describe data;
 Construct, read, and interpret displays of data;
 Formulate and solve problems that involve collecting and analyzing data;
 Explore concepts of chance.
Grades 58
Statistics (NCTM Standard 10)  shall include exploration of statistics in realworld situation so that students will:
 Systematically collect, organize, and describe data;
 Construct, read, and interpret tables, charts, and graphs;
 Make inferences and convincing arguments that are based on data analysis;
 Evaluate arguments that are based on data analysis;
 Develop an appreciation for statistical methods as powerful means for decision making.
Probability (NCTM Standard 11)  shall include explorations of probability in realworld situations so that students will:
 Model situations by devising and carrying out experiments or simulations to determine probabilities;
 Model situations by constructing a sample space to determine probabilities;
 Appreciate the power of using a probability model by comparing experimental results with mathematical expectations;
 Make predictions that are based on experimental or theoretical probabilities;
 Develop an appreciation for the pervasive use of probability in the real world.
Grades 912
Statistics (NCTM Standard 10)  shall include the continued study of data analysis and statistics so that all students will:
 Construct and draw inferences from charts, tables, and graphs that summarize data from realworld situations;
 Use curve fitting to predict from data;
 Understand and apply measures of central tendency, variability, and correlation;
 Understand sampling and recognize its role in statistical claims;
 Design a statistical experiment to study a problem, conduct the experiment, and interpret and communicate the outcomes;
 Analyze the effects of data transformations on measures of central tendency and variability;
and, in addition, collegeintending students will:
 Transform data to aid in data interpretation and prediction;
 Test hypotheses using appropriate statistics.
Probability (NCTM Standard 11)  shall include the continued study of probability so that all students will:
 Use experimental or theoretical probability, as appropriate, to represent and solve problems involving uncertainty;
 Use simulations to estimate probabilities;
 Understand the concept of a random variable;
 Create and interpret discrete probability distributions;
 Describe, in general terms, the normal curve and use its properties to answer questions about sets of data that are assumed to be normally distributed;
and, in addition, collegeintending students will:
 Apply the concept of a random variable to generate and interpret probability distributions including binomial, uniform, normal, and chi square.
ADULT BASIC EDUCATION
Statistics and Probability (ABE Standard 9)  shall include approaches to teaching statistics and probability which allow the learner to:
 Systematically collect, organize and describe data;
 Construct, read and interpret tables, charts and graphs;
 Make inferences and convincing arguments that are based on data analysis;
 Evaluate arguments that are based on data analysis;
 Develop an appreciation for statistical methods as a powerful means for decision making.
