Wachusett Regional School District
Wachusett Mountain

District Frameworks - Science and Technology/Engineering

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Strand 3
PHYSICAL SCIENCE, LIFE SCIENCE, EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE, AND TECHNOLOGY/ENGINEERING



The standards for physical science, life science, earth and space science, and technology/engineering describe the subject matter of science using widely accepted divisions of the domain of science. Science subject matter focuses on the science facts, concepts, principles, theories and models that are important for all students to know, understand and use.

SCIENCE APPLICATIONS

The science applications standards establish connections between the natural and designed worlds and provide students with opportunities to develop decision-making abilities.  These standards emphasize abilities associated with the process of design and fundamental understandings about the enterprise of science and its various linkages with technology.  As a complement to the abilities developed in the science as inquiry standards, these standards require students to develop abilities to identify and state a problem; design a solution, including a cost and risk-and-benefit analysis; and implement and evaluate the solution.  Science as inquiry is parallel to science applications.  Both standrads emphasize student development of abilities and understanding through application.

 CONTENT STANDARDS K - 5


Physical Science

Standard: As a result of activities in grades K - 5, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Properties of objects and materials
  • Position and motion of objects
  • Forms and types of energy
  • Light, heat, electricity and magnetism

Life Science

Standard:  As a result of activities in grades K - 5, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • The characteristics of organisms and heredity
  • Life cycles of organisms, plant structures, and functions
  • Organisms, environments, and adaptation

Earth and Space Science

Standard:  As a result of activities in grades K - 5, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Properties of earth materials, including rocks and minerals
  • Earth in the solar system
  • Weather and factors that affect it
  • Water cycle

Technology/Engineering

Standard:  As a result of activities in grades K - 5, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Characteristics and use of materials and tools
  • Use of creative thinking and strategies to solve practical problems
  • Use of simple and complex machines
CONTENT STANDARDS 6 - 8


Physical Science

Standard:  As a result of activities in grades 6 - 8, all students should develop and understanding of:

  • Properties and changes of properties in matter
  • Motions and forcesForms and transfer of energy

Life Science

Standard:  As a result of activities in grades 6 - 8, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Structure and function in riving systems (cells)
  • Reproduction and heredity, interdependence of living things with energy, and the environment - evolution and biodiversity
  • Changes in ecosystems

Earth and Space Science

Standard:  As a result of activities in grades 6 - 8, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Mapping and structure of the earth system
  • Earth's history
  • Earth in the solar system
  • Heat transfer in the earth's system

Technology/Engineering

Standard:  As a result of activities in grades 6-8, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Use of appropriate tools and machines to solve problems, invent, and construct
  • The universal system model for design
  • Technology:   communication, manufacturing, construction, transportation, and bioengineering

 

CONTENT STANDARDS 9 - 12


Physical Science

Standard: As a result of activities in grades 9 - 12, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Transfer of heat as energy
  • Wave motion
  • Electricity and magnetism
  • Motions and forces
  • Conservation of energy and momentum
  • Electromagnetic waves

Biology

Standard:  As a result of activities in grades 9 - 12, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Structure and function of cells
  • Genetics
  • Biological evolution and biodiversity
  • Human anatomy and physiology
  • Ecology
  • Chemistry of living organisms

Chemistry

Standard:  As a result of activities in grades 9 - 12, all students should develop an understanding of:

  • Properties of matter
  • Atomic structure and bonding
  • Periodicity
  • Chemical reactions and stoichiometry
  • Gases
  • Solutions
  • Equilibrium, including acids and bases
  • Thermochemistry